[v3,2/2] elf: Add GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED check

Message ID 20210624132411.1993105-3-hjl.tools@gmail.com
State New
Headers show
Series
  • elf: Implement indirect external access marker
Related show

Commit Message

Luis Machado via Binutils June 24, 2021, 1:24 p.m.
If GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS is set on any input
relocatable files:

1. Don't generate copy relocations.
2. Turn off extern_protected_data since it implies
GNU_PROPERTY_NO_COPY_ON_PROTECTED.
3. Treate reference to protected symbols with indirect external access
as local.
4. Set GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS on output.
5. When generating executable, clear this bit when there are non-GOT or
non-PLT relocations in input relocatable files without the bit set.
6. Add -z [no]indirect-extern-access to control indirect external access.

bfd/

	* elf-bfd (elf_obj_tdata): Add has_indirect_extern_access.
	(elf_has_indirect_extern_access): New.
	* elf-properties.c (_bfd_elf_parse_gnu_properties): Set
	elf_has_indirect_extern_access and elf_has_no_copy_on_protected
	when seeing GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS.
	(elf_write_gnu_propertie): Add an argument to pass link_info.
	Set needed_1_p for GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED in memory.
	(_bfd_elf_link_setup_gnu_properties): Handle
	GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS for
	-z indirect-extern-access.  Set nocopyreloc to true and
	extern_protected_data to false for indirect external access.
	(_bfd_elf_convert_gnu_properties): Updated.
	* elf32-i386.c (elf_i386_check_relocs): Set
	non_got_ref_without_indirect_extern_access on legacy non-GOT or
	non-PLT references.
	* elf64-x86-64.c (elf_x86_64_check_relocs): Likewise.
	* elflink.c (_bfd_elf_symbol_refs_local_p): Return true for
	STV_PROTECTED symbols with indirect external access.
	* elfxx-x86.c (_bfd_x86_elf_adjust_dynamic_symbol): Clear
	indirect_extern_access for legacy non-GOT/non-PLT references.
	* elfxx-x86.h (elf_x86_link_hash_entry): Add
	non_got_ref_without_indirect_extern_access.

include/

	* bfdlink.h (bfd_link_info): Add indirect_extern_access and
	needed_1_p.  Change nocopyreloc to int.

ld/

	* NEWS: Mention -z [no]indirect-extern-access
	* ld.texi: Document -z [no]indirect-extern-access
	* ldmain.c (main): Initialize link_info.indirect_extern_access
	to -1.
	* emulparams/extern_protected_data.sh: Support
	-z [no]indirect-extern-access.
	* testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1.rd: New file
	* testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1a.c: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1b.c: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2.rd: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2a.c: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2b.c: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-3.rd: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access.S: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-elf/property-1_needed-1b.d: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-elf/property-1_needed-1c.d: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-x86-64/indirect-extern-access.rd: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1.h: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1a.c: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1b.c: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-2a.S: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-2b.S: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2a.S: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2b.S: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2c.c: Likewise.
	* testsuite/ld-elf/linux-x86.exp: Run test with
	GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS.
	* testsuite/ld-x86-64/x86-64.exp: Run tests for protected
	function and data with indirect external access.
---
 bfd/elf-bfd.h                                 |   6 +
 bfd/elf-properties.c                          | 129 ++++++++++++---
 bfd/elf32-i386.c                              |   3 +
 bfd/elf64-x86-64.c                            |   6 +-
 bfd/elflink.c                                 |   4 +
 bfd/elfxx-x86.c                               |  19 +++
 bfd/elfxx-x86.h                               |   4 +
 include/bfdlink.h                             |  23 ++-
 ld/NEWS                                       |   3 +
 ld/emulparams/extern_protected_data.sh        |  10 ++
 ld/ld.texi                                    |  12 ++
 ld/ldmain.c                                   |   1 +
 .../ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1.rd        |   8 +
 .../ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1a.c        |   1 +
 .../ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1b.c        |  12 ++
 .../ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2.rd        |   8 +
 .../ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2a.c        |  10 ++
 .../ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2b.c        |  13 ++
 .../ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-3.rd        |   8 +
 ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access.S  |  20 +++
 ld/testsuite/ld-elf/linux-x86.exp             |  97 ++++++++++++
 ld/testsuite/ld-elf/property-1_needed-1b.d    |  16 ++
 ld/testsuite/ld-elf/property-1_needed-1c.d    |  17 ++
 .../ld-x86-64/indirect-extern-access.rd       |   6 +
 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1.h     |  11 ++
 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1a.c    |  40 +++++
 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1b.c    |  59 +++++++
 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-2a.S    | 109 +++++++++++++
 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-2b.S    | 119 ++++++++++++++
 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2a.S    |  68 ++++++++
 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2b.S    |  83 ++++++++++
 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2c.c    |  29 ++++
 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/x86-64.exp             | 147 ++++++++++++++++++
 33 files changed, 1078 insertions(+), 23 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1.rd
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1a.c
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1b.c
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2.rd
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2a.c
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2b.c
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-3.rd
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access.S
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-elf/property-1_needed-1b.d
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-elf/property-1_needed-1c.d
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/indirect-extern-access.rd
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1.h
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1a.c
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1b.c
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-2a.S
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-2b.S
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2a.S
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2b.S
 create mode 100644 ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2c.c

-- 
2.31.1

Comments

Luis Machado via Binutils June 25, 2021, 2:10 p.m. | #1
* H. J. Lu:

> If GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS is set on any input

> relocatable files:

>

> 1. Don't generate copy relocations.

> 2. Turn off extern_protected_data since it implies

> GNU_PROPERTY_NO_COPY_ON_PROTECTED.

> 3. Treate reference to protected symbols with indirect external access

> as local.

> 4. Set GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS on output.

> 5. When generating executable, clear this bit when there are non-GOT or

> non-PLT relocations in input relocatable files without the bit set.

> 6. Add -z [no]indirect-extern-access to control indirect external access.


Should the property be used just for error checking?  We would flip the
default unconditionally.  Such a behavioral change simply based on some
input file is quite surprising.

For (4), I think we need to set a different flag (or perhaps even
flags), and be really careful about what we do.  I think an output file
that is an executable will never require indirect-extern-access, but it
can be incompatible with indirect-extern-access objects at run time.
Shared objects as output files may themselves depend on
indirect-extern-access objects at run time.  Ideally, markup would be
applied to the relocations that are affected by the changes in the ABI.

Thanks,
Florian
Luis Machado via Binutils June 25, 2021, 6:52 p.m. | #2
On Fri, Jun 25, 2021 at 7:10 AM Florian Weimer <fweimer@redhat.com> wrote:
>

> * H. J. Lu:

>

> > If GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS is set on any input

> > relocatable files:

> >

> > 1. Don't generate copy relocations.

> > 2. Turn off extern_protected_data since it implies

> > GNU_PROPERTY_NO_COPY_ON_PROTECTED.

> > 3. Treate reference to protected symbols with indirect external access

> > as local.

> > 4. Set GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS on output.

> > 5. When generating executable, clear this bit when there are non-GOT or

> > non-PLT relocations in input relocatable files without the bit set.

> > 6. Add -z [no]indirect-extern-access to control indirect external access.

>

> Should the property be used just for error checking?  We would flip the

> default unconditionally.  Such a behavioral change simply based on some

> input file is quite surprising.


The property is used to to allow compiling sources with
-fno-direct-extern-access
by pieces.  When creating a shared library, if one input relocatable file
is compiled with -fno-direct-extern-access, linker will bind all protected
symbols locally before seeing ALL relocations against them in different
input relocatables files.

> For (4), I think we need to set a different flag (or perhaps even

> flags), and be really careful about what we do.  I think an output file

> that is an executable will never require indirect-extern-access, but it


What did you mean by that?  We need to compile executable with
-fno-direct-extern-access for the whole scheme to work.

> can be incompatible with indirect-extern-access objects at run time.

> Shared objects as output files may themselves depend on

> indirect-extern-access objects at run time.  Ideally, markup would be

> applied to the relocations that are affected by the changes in the ABI.


That is what my glibc changes do:

$ ./elf/tst-protected1a
./elf/tst-protected1a: protected1:
/export/build/gnu/tools-build/glibc-gitlab/build-x86_64-linux/elf/tst-protected1moda.so:
copy relocation against non-copyable protected symbol
$ readelf -r ./elf/tst-protected1a | grep COPY
0000004071d8  004300000005 R_X86_64_COPY     00000000004071d8 protected1 + 0
0000004071dc  004600000005 R_X86_64_COPY     00000000004071dc protected3 + 0

This error happens only if there is a copy relocation against protected symbol
definition compiled with -fno-direct-extern-access.

> Thanks,

> Florian

>



-- 
H.J.
Luis Machado via Binutils June 28, 2021, 8:46 a.m. | #3
* H. J. Lu:

>> Should the property be used just for error checking?  We would flip the

>> default unconditionally.  Such a behavioral change simply based on some

>> input file is quite surprising.

>

> The property is used to to allow compiling sources with

> -fno-direct-extern-access

> by pieces.  When creating a shared library, if one input relocatable file

> is compiled with -fno-direct-extern-access, linker will bind all protected

> symbols locally before seeing ALL relocations against them in different

> input relocatables files.


What is the advantage of this behavior?  Why should the presence of one
such object file in the link cause symbol binding behavior change
everywhere?  Especially if that one file does not even reference any
protected symbols?

>> For (4), I think we need to set a different flag (or perhaps even

>> flags), and be really careful about what we do.  I think an output file

>> that is an executable will never require indirect-extern-access, but it

>

> What did you mean by that?  We need to compile executable with

> -fno-direct-extern-access for the whole scheme to work.


indirect-extern-access imposes a requirement on executables, but
building an executable to comply with the new requirements will not
impose anything on the rest of the link.  I do not see the markup
covering that.

>> can be incompatible with indirect-extern-access objects at run time.

>> Shared objects as output files may themselves depend on

>> indirect-extern-access objects at run time.  Ideally, markup would be

>> applied to the relocations that are affected by the changes in the ABI.

>

> That is what my glibc changes do:

>

> $ ./elf/tst-protected1a

> ./elf/tst-protected1a: protected1:

> /export/build/gnu/tools-build/glibc-gitlab/build-x86_64-linux/elf/tst-protected1moda.so:

> copy relocation against non-copyable protected symbol

> $ readelf -r ./elf/tst-protected1a | grep COPY

> 0000004071d8  004300000005 R_X86_64_COPY     00000000004071d8 protected1 + 0

> 0000004071dc  004600000005 R_X86_64_COPY     00000000004071dc protected3 + 0

>

> This error happens only if there is a copy relocation against protected symbol

> definition compiled with -fno-direct-extern-access.


Does this mean that executables do not need any markup at all, and that
looking at the relocation types is sufficient?  (Same for canonical
function addresses.)

Thanks,
Florian
Luis Machado via Binutils June 28, 2021, 11:55 a.m. | #4
On Mon, Jun 28, 2021 at 1:47 AM Florian Weimer <fweimer@redhat.com> wrote:
>

> * H. J. Lu:

>

> >> Should the property be used just for error checking?  We would flip the

> >> default unconditionally.  Such a behavioral change simply based on some

> >> input file is quite surprising.

> >

> > The property is used to to allow compiling sources with

> > -fno-direct-extern-access

> > by pieces.  When creating a shared library, if one input relocatable file

> > is compiled with -fno-direct-extern-access, linker will bind all protected

> > symbols locally before seeing ALL relocations against them in different

> > input relocatables files.

>

> What is the advantage of this behavior?  Why should the presence of one

> such object file in the link cause symbol binding behavior change

> everywhere?  Especially if that one file does not even reference any

> protected symbols?


It makes linker work better.  If there are no protected symbols, there should
be no impact.

> >> For (4), I think we need to set a different flag (or perhaps even

> >> flags), and be really careful about what we do.  I think an output file

> >> that is an executable will never require indirect-extern-access, but it

> >

> > What did you mean by that?  We need to compile executable with

> > -fno-direct-extern-access for the whole scheme to work.

>

> indirect-extern-access imposes a requirement on executables, but

> building an executable to comply with the new requirements will not


That is correct.

> impose anything on the rest of the link.  I do not see the markup

> covering that.


The absence of the marker tells ld.so that copy relocation against
protected symbols in the executable is incompatible with the shared
library with the protected symbol AND the marker.

> >> can be incompatible with indirect-extern-access objects at run time.

> >> Shared objects as output files may themselves depend on

> >> indirect-extern-access objects at run time.  Ideally, markup would be

> >> applied to the relocations that are affected by the changes in the ABI.

> >

> > That is what my glibc changes do:

> >

> > $ ./elf/tst-protected1a

> > ./elf/tst-protected1a: protected1:

> > /export/build/gnu/tools-build/glibc-gitlab/build-x86_64-linux/elf/tst-protected1moda.so:

> > copy relocation against non-copyable protected symbol

> > $ readelf -r ./elf/tst-protected1a | grep COPY

> > 0000004071d8  004300000005 R_X86_64_COPY     00000000004071d8 protected1 + 0

> > 0000004071dc  004600000005 R_X86_64_COPY     00000000004071dc protected3 + 0

> >

> > This error happens only if there is a copy relocation against protected symbol

> > definition compiled with -fno-direct-extern-access.

>

> Does this mean that executables do not need any markup at all, and that

> looking at the relocation types is sufficient?  (Same for canonical

> function addresses.)


No.  The key is the absence of the marker:

static inline void __attribute__ ((always_inline))
_dl_check_protected_symbol (const char *undef_name,
    const struct link_map *undef_map,
    const ElfW(Sym) *ref,
    const struct link_map *map,
    int type_class)
{
  if (undef_map != NULL
      && undef_map->l_type == lt_executable
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
      && !(undef_map->l_1_needed
   & GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS)
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
      && (map->l_1_needed
  & GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS))
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
    {
      if ((type_class & ELF_RTYPE_CLASS_COPY))
/* Disallow copy relocations in executable against protected
   data symbols in a shared object which needs indirect external
   access.  */
_dl_signal_error (0, map->l_name, undef_name,
  N_("copy relocation against non-copyable protected symbol"));
      else if (ref->st_value != 0
       && ref->st_shndx == SHN_UNDEF
       && (type_class & ELF_RTYPE_CLASS_PLT))
/* Disallow non-zero symbol values of undefined symbols in
   executable, which are used as the function pointer, against
   protected function symbols in a shared object with indirect
   external access.  */
_dl_signal_error (0, map->l_name, undef_name,
  N_("non-canonical reference to canonical protected function"));
    }
}

This function is called on each protected symbol lookup.


--
H.J.
Luis Machado via Binutils July 8, 2021, 7:27 a.m. | #5
* H. J. Lu:

>> >> For (4), I think we need to set a different flag (or perhaps even

>> >> flags), and be really careful about what we do.  I think an output file

>> >> that is an executable will never require indirect-extern-access, but it

>> >

>> > What did you mean by that?  We need to compile executable with

>> > -fno-direct-extern-access for the whole scheme to work.

>>

>> indirect-extern-access imposes a requirement on executables, but

>> building an executable to comply with the new requirements will not

>

> That is correct.

>

>> impose anything on the rest of the link.  I do not see the markup

>> covering that.

>

> The absence of the marker tells ld.so that copy relocation against

> protected symbols in the executable is incompatible with the shared

> library with the protected symbol AND the marker.


Maybe I don't completely understand the direction in which is is moving.

Is the idea to phase out copy relocations in general?  Or just disable
them for protected symbols?

Thanks,
Florian
Luis Machado via Binutils July 8, 2021, 12:26 p.m. | #6
On Thu, Jul 8, 2021 at 12:27 AM Florian Weimer <fweimer@redhat.com> wrote:
>

> * H. J. Lu:

>

> >> >> For (4), I think we need to set a different flag (or perhaps even

> >> >> flags), and be really careful about what we do.  I think an output file

> >> >> that is an executable will never require indirect-extern-access, but it

> >> >

> >> > What did you mean by that?  We need to compile executable with

> >> > -fno-direct-extern-access for the whole scheme to work.

> >>

> >> indirect-extern-access imposes a requirement on executables, but

> >> building an executable to comply with the new requirements will not

> >

> > That is correct.

> >

> >> impose anything on the rest of the link.  I do not see the markup

> >> covering that.

> >

> > The absence of the marker tells ld.so that copy relocation against

> > protected symbols in the executable is incompatible with the shared

> > library with the protected symbol AND the marker.

>

> Maybe I don't completely understand the direction in which is is moving.

>

> Is the idea to phase out copy relocations in general?  Or just disable


I want to phase out copy relocation to avoid dynamic relocation on defined
protected symbols.  I want to forbid copy relocation only if it is against a
shared library with the marker.

> them for protected symbols?

>

> Thanks,

> Florian

>



-- 
H.J.

Patch

diff --git a/bfd/elf-bfd.h b/bfd/elf-bfd.h
index 8f985ab8917..7d1e6b01620 100644
--- a/bfd/elf-bfd.h
+++ b/bfd/elf-bfd.h
@@ -2073,6 +2073,10 @@  struct elf_obj_tdata
      property.  */
   unsigned int has_no_copy_on_protected : 1;
 
+  /* Whether if the bfd contains the
+     GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS property.  */
+  unsigned int has_indirect_extern_access : 1;
+
   /* Irix 5 often screws up the symbol table, sorting local symbols
      after global symbols.  This flag is set if the symbol table in
      this BFD appears to be screwed up.  If it is, we ignore the
@@ -2138,6 +2142,8 @@  struct elf_obj_tdata
 #define elf_properties(bfd) (elf_tdata (bfd) -> properties)
 #define elf_has_no_copy_on_protected(bfd) \
   (elf_tdata(bfd) -> has_no_copy_on_protected)
+#define elf_has_indirect_extern_access(bfd) \
+  (elf_tdata(bfd) -> has_indirect_extern_access)
 
 extern void _bfd_elf_swap_verdef_in
   (bfd *, const Elf_External_Verdef *, Elf_Internal_Verdef *);
diff --git a/bfd/elf-properties.c b/bfd/elf-properties.c
index 56ee91d7786..aae02885c15 100644
--- a/bfd/elf-properties.c
+++ b/bfd/elf-properties.c
@@ -195,6 +195,18 @@  _bfd_elf_parse_gnu_properties (bfd *abfd, Elf_Internal_Note *note)
 		  prop = _bfd_elf_get_property (abfd, type, datasz);
 		  prop->u.number |= bfd_h_get_32 (abfd, ptr);
 		  prop->pr_kind = property_number;
+		  if ((abfd->flags & DYNAMIC) == 0
+		      && type == GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED
+		      && ((prop->u.number
+			   & GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS)
+			  != 0))
+		    {
+		      /* NB: Skip the shared library since it may not be
+			 the same at run-time.  */
+		      elf_has_indirect_extern_access (abfd) = true;
+		      /* GNU_PROPERTY_NO_COPY_ON_PROTECTED is implied.  */
+		      elf_has_no_copy_on_protected (abfd) = true;
+		    }
 		  goto next;
 		}
 	      break;
@@ -525,7 +537,8 @@  elf_get_gnu_property_section_size (elf_property_list *list,
 /* Write GNU properties.  */
 
 static void
-elf_write_gnu_properties (bfd *abfd, bfd_byte *contents,
+elf_write_gnu_properties (struct bfd_link_info *info,
+			  bfd *abfd, bfd_byte *contents,
 			  elf_property_list *list, unsigned int size,
 			  unsigned int align_size)
 {
@@ -570,6 +583,11 @@  elf_write_gnu_properties (bfd *abfd, bfd_byte *contents,
 	      break;
 
 	    case 4:
+	      /* Save the pointer to GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED so that it
+		 can be updated later if needed.  */
+	      if (info != NULL
+		  && list->property.pr_type == GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED)
+		info->needed_1_p = contents + size;
 	      bfd_h_put_32 (abfd, list->property.u.number,
 			    contents + size);
 	      break;
@@ -598,7 +616,7 @@  elf_write_gnu_properties (bfd *abfd, bfd_byte *contents,
 bfd *
 _bfd_elf_link_setup_gnu_properties (struct bfd_link_info *info)
 {
-  bfd *abfd, *first_pbfd = NULL;
+  bfd *abfd, *first_pbfd = NULL, *elf_bfd = NULL;
   elf_property_list *list;
   asection *sec;
   bool has_properties = false;
@@ -606,32 +624,75 @@  _bfd_elf_link_setup_gnu_properties (struct bfd_link_info *info)
     = get_elf_backend_data (info->output_bfd);
   unsigned int elfclass = bed->s->elfclass;
   int elf_machine_code = bed->elf_machine_code;
+  elf_property *p;
 
   /* Find the first relocatable ELF input with GNU properties.  */
   for (abfd = info->input_bfds; abfd != NULL; abfd = abfd->link.next)
     if (bfd_get_flavour (abfd) == bfd_target_elf_flavour
 	&& (abfd->flags & DYNAMIC) == 0
-	&& elf_properties (abfd) != NULL)
+	&& (elf_machine_code
+	    == get_elf_backend_data (abfd)->elf_machine_code)
+	&& (elfclass == get_elf_backend_data (abfd)->s->elfclass))
       {
-	has_properties = true;
-
 	/* Ignore GNU properties from ELF objects with different machine
 	   code or class.  Also skip objects without a GNU_PROPERTY note
 	   section.  */
-	if ((elf_machine_code
-	     == get_elf_backend_data (abfd)->elf_machine_code)
-	    && (elfclass
-		== get_elf_backend_data (abfd)->s->elfclass)
-	    && bfd_get_section_by_name (abfd,
-					NOTE_GNU_PROPERTY_SECTION_NAME) != NULL
-	    )
+	elf_bfd = abfd;
+
+	if (elf_properties (abfd) != NULL)
 	  {
-	    /* Keep .note.gnu.property section in FIRST_PBFD.  */
-	    first_pbfd = abfd;
-	    break;
+	    has_properties = true;
+
+	    if (bfd_get_section_by_name (abfd,
+					 NOTE_GNU_PROPERTY_SECTION_NAME)
+		!= NULL)
+	      {
+		/* Keep .note.gnu.property section in FIRST_PBFD.  */
+		first_pbfd = abfd;
+		break;
+	      }
 	  }
       }
 
+  if (info->indirect_extern_access > 0 && elf_bfd != NULL)
+    {
+      /* Support -z indirect-extern-access.  */
+      if (first_pbfd == NULL)
+	{
+	  sec = bfd_make_section_with_flags (elf_bfd,
+					     NOTE_GNU_PROPERTY_SECTION_NAME,
+					     (SEC_ALLOC
+					      | SEC_LOAD
+					      | SEC_IN_MEMORY
+					      | SEC_READONLY
+					      | SEC_HAS_CONTENTS
+					      | SEC_DATA));
+	  if (sec == NULL)
+	    info->callbacks->einfo (_("%F%P: failed to create GNU property section\n"));
+
+	  if (!bfd_set_section_alignment (sec,
+					  elfclass == ELFCLASS64 ? 3 : 2))
+	    info->callbacks->einfo (_("%F%pA: failed to align section\n"),
+				    sec);
+
+	  elf_section_type (sec) = SHT_NOTE;
+	  first_pbfd = elf_bfd;
+	  has_properties = true;
+	}
+
+      p = _bfd_elf_get_property (first_pbfd, GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED, 4);
+      if (p->pr_kind == property_unknown)
+	{
+	  /* Create GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED.  */
+	  p->u.number
+	    = GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS;
+	  p->pr_kind = property_number;
+	}
+      else
+	p->u.number
+	  |= GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS;
+    }
+
   /* Do nothing if there is no .note.gnu.property section.  */
   if (!has_properties)
     return NULL;
@@ -695,7 +756,6 @@  _bfd_elf_link_setup_gnu_properties (struct bfd_link_info *info)
 	 if N > 0.  */
       if (info->stacksize > 0)
 	{
-	  elf_property *p;
 	  bfd_vma stacksize = info->stacksize;
 
 	  p = _bfd_elf_get_property (first_pbfd, GNU_PROPERTY_STACK_SIZE,
@@ -737,7 +797,30 @@  _bfd_elf_link_setup_gnu_properties (struct bfd_link_info *info)
       sec->size = size;
       contents = (bfd_byte *) bfd_zalloc (first_pbfd, size);
 
-      elf_write_gnu_properties (first_pbfd, contents, list, size,
+      if (info->indirect_extern_access <= 0)
+	{
+	  /* Get GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED properties.  */
+	  p = elf_find_and_remove_property (&elf_properties (first_pbfd),
+					    GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED, false);
+	  if (p != NULL)
+	    {
+	      if (info->indirect_extern_access < 0)
+		{
+		  /* Set indirect_extern_access to 1 to indicate that
+		     it is turned on by input properties.  */
+		  if ((p->u.number
+		       & GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS)
+		      != 0)
+		    info->indirect_extern_access = 1;
+		}
+	      else
+		/* Turn off indirect external access.  */
+		p->u.number
+		  &= ~GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS;
+	    }
+	}
+
+      elf_write_gnu_properties (info, first_pbfd, contents, list, size,
 				align_size);
 
       /* Cache the section contents for elf_link_input_bfd.  */
@@ -747,6 +830,15 @@  _bfd_elf_link_setup_gnu_properties (struct bfd_link_info *info)
 	 symbol is defined in the shared object.  */
       if (elf_has_no_copy_on_protected (first_pbfd))
 	info->extern_protected_data = false;
+
+      if (info->indirect_extern_access > 0)
+	{
+	  /* For indirect external access, don't generate copy
+	     relocations.  NB: Set to nocopyreloc to 2 to indicate
+	     that it is implied by indirect_extern_access.  */
+	  info->nocopyreloc = 2;
+	  info->extern_protected_data = false;
+	}
     }
 
   return first_pbfd;
@@ -804,7 +896,8 @@  _bfd_elf_convert_gnu_properties (bfd *ibfd, asection *isec,
   *ptr_size = size;
 
   /* Generate the output .note.gnu.property section.  */
-  elf_write_gnu_properties (ibfd, contents, list, size, 1 << align_shift);
+  elf_write_gnu_properties (NULL, ibfd, contents, list, size,
+			    1 << align_shift);
 
   return true;
 }
diff --git a/bfd/elf32-i386.c b/bfd/elf32-i386.c
index cf7cd076b17..a4e2af003aa 100644
--- a/bfd/elf32-i386.c
+++ b/bfd/elf32-i386.c
@@ -1815,6 +1815,9 @@  elf_i386_check_relocs (bfd *abfd,
 		     adjust_dynamic_symbol.  */
 		  h->non_got_ref = 1;
 
+		  if (!elf_has_indirect_extern_access (sec->owner))
+		    eh->non_got_ref_without_indirect_extern_access = 1;
+
 		  /* We may need a .plt entry if the symbol is a function
 		     defined in a shared lib or is a function referenced
 		     from the code or read-only section.  */
diff --git a/bfd/elf64-x86-64.c b/bfd/elf64-x86-64.c
index 98fb88113c0..7c89cdbc9d6 100644
--- a/bfd/elf64-x86-64.c
+++ b/bfd/elf64-x86-64.c
@@ -1972,6 +1972,8 @@  elf_x86_64_check_relocs (bfd *abfd, struct bfd_link_info *info,
 	    break;
 	  }
 
+      eh = (struct elf_x86_link_hash_entry *) h;
+
       if (h != NULL)
 	{
 	  /* It is referenced by a non-shared object. */
@@ -2008,7 +2010,6 @@  elf_x86_64_check_relocs (bfd *abfd, struct bfd_link_info *info,
       if (h == htab->elf.hgot)
 	htab->got_referenced = true;
 
-      eh = (struct elf_x86_link_hash_entry *) h;
       switch (r_type)
 	{
 	case R_X86_64_TLSLD:
@@ -2263,6 +2264,9 @@  elf_x86_64_check_relocs (bfd *abfd, struct bfd_link_info *info,
 		     adjust_dynamic_symbol.  */
 		  h->non_got_ref = 1;
 
+		  if (!elf_has_indirect_extern_access (sec->owner))
+		    eh->non_got_ref_without_indirect_extern_access = 1;
+
 		  /* We may need a .plt entry if the symbol is a function
 		     defined in a shared lib or is a function referenced
 		     from the code or read-only section.  */
diff --git a/bfd/elflink.c b/bfd/elflink.c
index 9a05208253c..65bf2a58a95 100644
--- a/bfd/elflink.c
+++ b/bfd/elflink.c
@@ -3331,6 +3331,10 @@  _bfd_elf_symbol_refs_local_p (struct elf_link_hash_entry *h,
   if (!is_elf_hash_table (&hash_table->root))
     return true;
 
+  /* STV_PROTECTED symbols with indirect external access are local. */
+  if (info->indirect_extern_access > 0)
+    return true;
+
   bed = get_elf_backend_data (hash_table->dynobj);
 
   /* If extern_protected_data is false, STV_PROTECTED non-function
diff --git a/bfd/elfxx-x86.c b/bfd/elfxx-x86.c
index 088f6e5c536..fe4a822041b 100644
--- a/bfd/elfxx-x86.c
+++ b/bfd/elfxx-x86.c
@@ -1824,6 +1824,25 @@  _bfd_x86_elf_adjust_dynamic_symbol (struct bfd_link_info *info,
 
   eh = (struct elf_x86_link_hash_entry *) h;
 
+  /* Clear GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS if it is turned
+     on by an input relocatable file and there is a non-GOT/non-PLT
+     reference from another relocatable file without it.
+     NB: There can be non-GOT reference in data sections in input with
+     GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS.  */
+  if (eh->non_got_ref_without_indirect_extern_access
+      && info->indirect_extern_access == 1
+      && bfd_link_executable (info))
+    {
+      unsigned int needed_1;
+      info->indirect_extern_access = 0;
+      /* Turn off nocopyreloc if implied by indirect_extern_access.  */
+      if (info->nocopyreloc == 2)
+	info->nocopyreloc = 0;
+      needed_1 = bfd_h_get_32 (info->output_bfd, info->needed_1_p);
+      needed_1 &= ~GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS;
+      bfd_h_put_32 (info->output_bfd, needed_1, info->needed_1_p);
+    }
+
   /* STT_GNU_IFUNC symbol must go through PLT. */
   if (h->type == STT_GNU_IFUNC)
     {
diff --git a/bfd/elfxx-x86.h b/bfd/elfxx-x86.h
index db11327e96f..8251f641a77 100644
--- a/bfd/elfxx-x86.h
+++ b/bfd/elfxx-x86.h
@@ -279,6 +279,10 @@  struct elf_x86_link_hash_entry
   /* TRUE if symbol is defined by linker.  */
   unsigned int linker_def : 1;
 
+  /* TRUE if symbol is referenced by a non-GOT/non-PLT relocation in a
+     relocatable object file without indirect external access marker.  */
+  unsigned int non_got_ref_without_indirect_extern_access : 1;
+
   /* TRUE if symbol is referenced by R_386_GOTOFF relocation.  This is
      only used by i386.  */
   unsigned int gotoff_ref : 1;
diff --git a/include/bfdlink.h b/include/bfdlink.h
index 7f1b12dbf37..fd7a274dd83 100644
--- a/include/bfdlink.h
+++ b/include/bfdlink.h
@@ -335,10 +335,6 @@  struct bfd_link_info
   /* TRUE if BFD should pre-bind symbols in a shared object.  */
   unsigned int symbolic: 1;
 
-  /* TRUE if executable should not contain copy relocs.
-     Setting this true may result in a non-sharable text segment.  */
-  unsigned int nocopyreloc: 1;
-
   /* TRUE if BFD should export all symbols in the dynamic symbol table
      of an executable, rather than only those used.  */
   unsigned int export_dynamic: 1;
@@ -652,6 +648,25 @@  struct bfd_link_info
   /* How many spare .dynamic DT_NULL entries should be added?  */
   unsigned int spare_dynamic_tags;
 
+  /* GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS control:
+       > 1: Turn on by -z indirect-extern-access or by backend.
+      == 1: Turn on by an input.
+         0: Turn off.
+       < 0: Turn on if it is set on any inputs or let backend to
+	    decide.  */
+  int indirect_extern_access;
+
+  /* Non-zero if executable should not contain copy relocs.
+       > 1: Implied by indirect_extern_access.
+      == 1: Turn on by -z nocopyreloc.
+         0: Turn off.
+    Setting this to non-zero may result in a non-sharable text
+    segment.  */
+  int nocopyreloc;
+
+  /* Pointer to the GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED property in memory.  */
+  bfd_byte *needed_1_p;
+
   /* May be used to set DT_FLAGS for ELF. */
   bfd_vma flags;
 
diff --git a/ld/NEWS b/ld/NEWS
index a5ed9058c04..705ae9efbb1 100644
--- a/ld/NEWS
+++ b/ld/NEWS
@@ -1,5 +1,8 @@ 
 -*- text -*-
 
+* Add -z indirect-extern-access/-z noindirect-extern-access to control
+  canonical function pointers and copy relocation.
+
 * arm-symbianelf support removed.
 
 * Add -z report-relative-reloc to x86 ELF linker to report dynamic
diff --git a/ld/emulparams/extern_protected_data.sh b/ld/emulparams/extern_protected_data.sh
index 30f3d1cdee5..cb855a65689 100644
--- a/ld/emulparams/extern_protected_data.sh
+++ b/ld/emulparams/extern_protected_data.sh
@@ -1,11 +1,21 @@ 
 PARSE_AND_LIST_OPTIONS_NOEXTEN_PROTECTED_DATA='
   fprintf (file, _("\
   -z noextern-protected-data  Do not treat protected data symbol as external\n"));
+  fprintf (file, _("\
+  -z indirect-extern-access   Enable indirect external access\n"));
+  fprintf (file, _("\
+  -z noindirect-extern-access Disable indirect external access (default)\n"));
 '
 
+# Set link_info.indirect_extern_access to 2 to indicate that it is set
+# by "-z indirect-extern-access".
 PARSE_AND_LIST_ARGS_CASE_Z_NOEXTEN_PROTECTED_DATA='
       else if (strcmp (optarg, "noextern-protected-data") == 0)
 	link_info.extern_protected_data = false;
+      else if (strcmp (optarg, "indirect-extern-access") == 0)
+	link_info.indirect_extern_access = 2;
+      else if (strcmp (optarg, "noindirect-extern-access") == 0)
+	link_info.indirect_extern_access = 0;
 '
 
 
diff --git a/ld/ld.texi b/ld/ld.texi
index dd8f571d4e4..aa2139e035d 100644
--- a/ld/ld.texi
+++ b/ld/ld.texi
@@ -1293,6 +1293,18 @@  Generate GNU_PROPERTY_X86_FEATURE_1_IBT in .note.gnu.property section
 to indicate compatibility with IBT.  This also implies @option{ibtplt}.
 Supported for Linux/i386 and Linux/x86_64.
 
+@item indirect-extern-access
+@itemx noindirect-extern-access
+Generate GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS in
+.note.gnu.property section to indicate that object file requires
+canonical function pointers and cannot be used with copy relocation.
+This option also implies @option{noextern-protected-data} and
+@option{nocopyreloc}.  Supported for i386 and x86-64.
+
+@option{noindirect-extern-access} removes
+GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS from .note.gnu.property
+section.
+
 @item initfirst
 This option is only meaningful when building a shared object.
 It marks the object so that its runtime initialization will occur
diff --git a/ld/ldmain.c b/ld/ldmain.c
index 42660eb9a3c..1dfcf1c49e3 100644
--- a/ld/ldmain.c
+++ b/ld/ldmain.c
@@ -346,6 +346,7 @@  main (int argc, char **argv)
   link_info.relax_pass = 1;
   link_info.extern_protected_data = -1;
   link_info.dynamic_undefined_weak = -1;
+  link_info.indirect_extern_access = -1;
   link_info.pei386_auto_import = -1;
   link_info.spare_dynamic_tags = 5;
   link_info.path_separator = ':';
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1.rd b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1.rd
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..39dc89a41a9
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1.rd
@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@ 
+#...
+[a-f0-9]+ +[0-9a-f]+ +R_.*_COPY +[a-f0-9]+ +indirect_extern_access( \+ 0|)
+#...
+Displaying notes found in: .note.gnu.property
+[ 	]+Owner[ 	]+Data size[ 	]+Description
+  GNU                  0x[0-9a-f]+	NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0
+      Properties: 1_needed: 
+#pass
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1a.c b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1a.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..478981012d5
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1a.c
@@ -0,0 +1 @@ 
+int indirect_extern_access = 1;
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1b.c b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1b.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..68adae5666a
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-1b.c
@@ -0,0 +1,12 @@ 
+#include <stdio.h>
+
+extern int indirect_extern_access;
+
+int
+main (void)
+{
+  if (indirect_extern_access == 1)
+    puts ("PASS");
+
+  return 0;
+}
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2.rd b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2.rd
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..9c7d72fae25
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2.rd
@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@ 
+#...
+[a-f0-9]+ +[0-9a-f]+ +R_.*_JUMP_SLO(T|) +[a-f0-9]+ +indirect_extern_access( \+ 0|)
+#...
+Displaying notes found in: .note.gnu.property
+[ 	]+Owner[ 	]+Data size[ 	]+Description
+  GNU                  0x[0-9a-f]+	NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0
+      Properties: 1_needed: 
+#pass
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2a.c b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2a.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..cb570689ae7
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2a.c
@@ -0,0 +1,10 @@ 
+void
+indirect_extern_access (void)
+{
+}
+
+void *
+indirect_extern_access_p (void)
+{
+  return indirect_extern_access;
+}
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2b.c b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2b.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..dedfd9bce81
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-2b.c
@@ -0,0 +1,13 @@ 
+#include <stdio.h>
+
+extern void indirect_extern_access (void);
+extern void *indirect_extern_access_p (void);
+
+int
+main (void)
+{
+  if (&indirect_extern_access == indirect_extern_access_p ())
+    puts ("PASS");
+
+  return 0;
+}
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-3.rd b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-3.rd
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..ce777a56a2c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access-3.rd
@@ -0,0 +1,8 @@ 
+#...
+[a-f0-9]+ +[0-9a-f]+ +R_.*_GLOB_DAT +[a-f0-9]+ +indirect_extern_access( \+ 0|)
+#...
+Displaying notes found in: .note.gnu.property
+[ 	]+Owner[ 	]+Data size[ 	]+Description
+  GNU                  0x[0-9a-f]+	NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0
+      Properties: 1_needed: indirect external access
+#pass
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access.S b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access.S
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..25b88ba82ca
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/indirect-extern-access.S
@@ -0,0 +1,20 @@ 
+# ifdef __LP64__
+#  define ALIGN 3
+# else
+#  define ALIGN 2
+# endif
+	.section ".note.gnu.property", "a"
+	.p2align ALIGN
+	.long 1f - 0f		/* name length */
+	.long 5f - 2f		/* data length */
+	.long 5			/* note type */
+0:	.asciz "GNU"		/* vendor name */
+1:
+	.p2align ALIGN
+2:	.long 0xb0008000	/* pr_type.  */
+	.long 4f - 3f		/* pr_datasz.  */
+3:
+	.long 0x1
+4:
+	.p2align ALIGN
+5:
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/linux-x86.exp b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/linux-x86.exp
index 7e3a0b7d84a..819237415e6 100644
--- a/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/linux-x86.exp
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/linux-x86.exp
@@ -73,6 +73,103 @@  run_ld_link_tests [list \
     ] \
 ]
 
+run_cc_link_tests [list \
+    [list \
+	"Build indirect-extern-access-1.so" \
+	"-shared" \
+	"-fPIC" \
+	{ indirect-extern-access-1a.c } \
+	{} \
+	"indirect-extern-access-1.so" \
+    ] \
+    [list \
+	"Build indirect-extern-access-1a without PIE" \
+	"$NOPIE_LDFLAGS -Wl,--no-as-needed  \
+	 tmpdir/indirect-extern-access-1.so" \
+	"$NOPIE_CFLAGS" \
+	{ indirect-extern-access.S indirect-extern-access-1b.c } \
+	{{readelf -rn indirect-extern-access-1.rd}} \
+	"indirect-extern-access-1a" \
+    ] \
+    [list \
+	"Build indirect-extern-access-2.so" \
+	"-shared" \
+	"-fPIC" \
+	{ indirect-extern-access-2a.c } \
+	{} \
+	"indirect-extern-access-2.so" \
+    ] \
+    [list \
+	"Build indirect-extern-access-2a without PIE" \
+	"$NOPIE_LDFLAGS -Wl,--no-as-needed  \
+	 tmpdir/indirect-extern-access-2.so" \
+	"$NOPIE_CFLAGS" \
+	{ indirect-extern-access.S indirect-extern-access-1b.c } \
+	{{readelf -rn indirect-extern-access-2.rd}} \
+	"indirect-extern-access-2a" \
+    ] \
+    [list \
+	"Build indirect-extern-access-2b with PIE" \
+	"-pie -Wl,--no-as-needed  \
+	 tmpdir/indirect-extern-access-2.so" \
+	"-fpie" \
+	{ indirect-extern-access.S indirect-extern-access-2b.c } \
+	{{readelf -rn indirect-extern-access-3.rd}} \
+	"indirect-extern-access-2b" \
+    ] \
+]
+
+run_ld_link_exec_tests [list \
+    [list \
+	"Run indirect-extern-access-1a without PIE" \
+	"$NOPIE_LDFLAGS" \
+	"" \
+	{ indirect-extern-access.S indirect-extern-access-1b.c } \
+	"indirect-extern-access-1a" \
+	"pass.out" \
+	"$NOPIE_CFLAGS" \
+	"" \
+	"" \
+	"tmpdir/indirect-extern-access-1.so" \
+    ] \
+    [list \
+	"Run indirect-extern-access-1b with PIE" \
+	"-pie" \
+	"" \
+	{ indirect-extern-access.S indirect-extern-access-1b.c } \
+	"indirect-extern-access-1b" \
+	"pass.out" \
+	"-fpie" \
+	"" \
+	"" \
+	"tmpdir/indirect-extern-access-1.so" \
+    ] \
+    [list \
+	"Run indirect-extern-access-2a without PIE" \
+	"$NOPIE_LDFLAGS" \
+	"" \
+	{ indirect-extern-access.S indirect-extern-access-2b.c } \
+	"indirect-extern-access-2a" \
+	"pass.out" \
+	"$NOPIE_CFLAGS" \
+	"" \
+	"" \
+	"tmpdir/indirect-extern-access-2.so" \
+    ] \
+    [list \
+	"Run indirect-extern-access-2b with PIE" \
+	"-pie" \
+	"" \
+	{ indirect-extern-access.S indirect-extern-access-2b.c } \
+	"indirect-extern-access-2b" \
+	"pass.out" \
+	"-fpie" \
+	"" \
+	"" \
+	"tmpdir/indirect-extern-access-2.so" \
+    ] \
+]
+
 proc elfedit_test { options test output } {
     global ELFEDIT
     global READELF
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/property-1_needed-1b.d b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/property-1_needed-1b.d
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..b7a9eea344d
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/property-1_needed-1b.d
@@ -0,0 +1,16 @@ 
+#source: empty.s
+#as:
+#ld: -shared -z indirect-extern-access
+#readelf: -n
+#xfail: ![check_shared_lib_support]
+#notarget: am33_2.0-*-* hppa*-*-hpux* mn10300-*-*
+# Assembly source file for the HPPA assembler is renamed and modifed by
+# sed.  mn10300 has relocations in .note.gnu.property section which
+# elf_parse_notes doesn't support.
+
+#...
+Displaying notes found in: .note.gnu.property
+[ 	]+Owner[ 	]+Data size[ 	]+Description
+  GNU                  0x[0-9a-f]+	NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0
+      Properties: 1_needed: indirect external access
+#pass
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/property-1_needed-1c.d b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/property-1_needed-1c.d
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..21e1d26f4a4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-elf/property-1_needed-1c.d
@@ -0,0 +1,17 @@ 
+#source: empty.s
+#source: property-1_needed-1.s
+#as:
+#ld: -shared -z noindirect-extern-access
+#readelf: -n
+#xfail: ![check_shared_lib_support]
+#notarget: am33_2.0-*-* hppa*-*-hpux* mn10300-*-*
+# Assembly source file for the HPPA assembler is renamed and modifed by
+# sed.  mn10300 has relocations in .note.gnu.property section which
+# elf_parse_notes doesn't support.
+
+#...
+Displaying notes found in: .note.gnu.property
+[ 	]+Owner[ 	]+Data size[ 	]+Description
+  GNU                  0x[0-9a-f]+	NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0
+      Properties: 1_needed: <unknown: 2>
+#pass
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/indirect-extern-access.rd b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/indirect-extern-access.rd
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..696b06f2046
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/indirect-extern-access.rd
@@ -0,0 +1,6 @@ 
+#...
+Displaying notes found in: .note.gnu.property
+[ 	]+Owner[ 	]+Data size[ 	]+Description
+  GNU                  0x[0-9a-f]+	NT_GNU_PROPERTY_TYPE_0
+      Properties: 1_needed: indirect external access
+#pass
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1.h b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1.h
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..a80c9769d37
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1.h
@@ -0,0 +1,11 @@ 
+extern int protected_data_1a;
+extern int protected_data_1b;
+
+extern int *protected_data_1a_p ();
+extern int *protected_data_1b_p ();
+
+extern void set_protected_data_1a (int);
+extern void set_protected_data_1b (int);
+
+extern int check_protected_data_1a (int);
+extern int check_protected_data_1b (int);
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1a.c b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1a.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..6942426ecb3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1a.c
@@ -0,0 +1,40 @@ 
+#include "protected-data-1.h"
+
+int protected_data_1a __attribute__ ((visibility("protected"))) = 1;
+int protected_data_1b __attribute__ ((visibility("protected"))) = 2;
+
+int *
+protected_data_1a_p (void)
+{
+  return &protected_data_1a;
+}
+
+int *
+protected_data_1b_p (void)
+{
+  return &protected_data_1b;
+}
+
+void
+set_protected_data_1a (int i)
+{
+  protected_data_1a = i;
+}
+
+void
+set_protected_data_1b (int i)
+{
+  protected_data_1b = i;
+}
+
+int
+check_protected_data_1a (int i)
+{
+  return protected_data_1a == i ? 0 : 1;
+}
+
+int
+check_protected_data_1b (int i)
+{
+  return protected_data_1b == i ? 0 : 1;
+}
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1b.c b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1b.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..a4756ee08da
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-1b.c
@@ -0,0 +1,59 @@ 
+#include <stdio.h>
+
+#include "protected-data-1.h"
+
+int protected_data_1b = 3;
+
+int
+main (void)
+{
+  int res = 0;
+
+  /* Check if we get the same address for the protected data symbol.  */
+  if (&protected_data_1a != protected_data_1a_p ())
+    {
+      puts ("'protected_data_1a' in main and shared library doesn't have same address");
+      res = 1;
+    }
+
+  protected_data_1a = -1;
+  if (check_protected_data_1a (-1))
+    {
+      puts ("'protected_data_1a' in main and shared library doesn't have same value");
+      res = 1;
+    }
+
+  set_protected_data_1a (-3);
+  if (protected_data_1a != -3)
+    {
+      puts ("'protected_data_1a' in main and shared library doesn't have same value");
+      res = 1;
+    }
+
+  /* Check if we get the different addresses for the protected data
+     symbol.  */
+  if (&protected_data_1b == protected_data_1b_p ())
+    {
+      puts ("'protected_data_1b' in main and shared library has same address");
+      res = 1;
+    }
+
+  protected_data_1b = -10;
+  if (check_protected_data_1b (2))
+    {
+      puts ("'protected_data_1b' in main and shared library has same address");
+      res = 1;
+    }
+
+  set_protected_data_1b (-30);
+  if (protected_data_1b != -10)
+    {
+      puts ("'protected_data_1b' in main and shared library has same address");
+      res = 1;
+    }
+
+  if (!res)
+    puts ("PASS");
+
+  return res;
+}
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-2a.S b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-2a.S
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..865c1af9daa
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-2a.S
@@ -0,0 +1,109 @@ 
+	.text
+	.p2align 4
+	.protected	protected_data_1a
+	.globl	protected_data_1a_p
+	.type	protected_data_1a_p, @function
+protected_data_1a_p:
+.LFB0:
+	.cfi_startproc
+	leaq	protected_data_1a(%rip), %rax
+	ret
+	.cfi_endproc
+.LFE0:
+	.size	protected_data_1a_p, .-protected_data_1a_p
+	.p2align 4
+	.protected	protected_data_1b
+	.globl	protected_data_1b_p
+	.type	protected_data_1b_p, @function
+protected_data_1b_p:
+.LFB1:
+	.cfi_startproc
+	leaq	protected_data_1b(%rip), %rax
+	ret
+	.cfi_endproc
+.LFE1:
+	.size	protected_data_1b_p, .-protected_data_1b_p
+	.p2align 4
+	.globl	set_protected_data_1a
+	.type	set_protected_data_1a, @function
+set_protected_data_1a:
+.LFB2:
+	.cfi_startproc
+	movl	%edi, protected_data_1a(%rip)
+	ret
+	.cfi_endproc
+.LFE2:
+	.size	set_protected_data_1a, .-set_protected_data_1a
+	.p2align 4
+	.globl	set_protected_data_1b
+	.type	set_protected_data_1b, @function
+set_protected_data_1b:
+.LFB3:
+	.cfi_startproc
+	movl	%edi, protected_data_1b(%rip)
+	ret
+	.cfi_endproc
+.LFE3:
+	.size	set_protected_data_1b, .-set_protected_data_1b
+	.p2align 4
+	.globl	check_protected_data_1a
+	.type	check_protected_data_1a, @function
+check_protected_data_1a:
+.LFB4:
+	.cfi_startproc
+	xorl	%eax, %eax
+	cmpl	%edi, protected_data_1a(%rip)
+	setne	%al
+	ret
+	.cfi_endproc
+.LFE4:
+	.size	check_protected_data_1a, .-check_protected_data_1a
+	.p2align 4
+	.globl	check_protected_data_1b
+	.type	check_protected_data_1b, @function
+check_protected_data_1b:
+.LFB5:
+	.cfi_startproc
+	xorl	%eax, %eax
+	cmpl	%edi, protected_data_1b(%rip)
+	setne	%al
+	ret
+	.cfi_endproc
+.LFE5:
+	.size	check_protected_data_1b, .-check_protected_data_1b
+	.globl	protected_data_1b
+	.data
+	.align 4
+	.type	protected_data_1b, @object
+	.size	protected_data_1b, 4
+protected_data_1b:
+	.long	2
+	.globl	protected_data_1a
+	.align 4
+	.type	protected_data_1a, @object
+	.size	protected_data_1a, 4
+protected_data_1a:
+	.long	1
+	.section	.note.GNU-stack,"",@progbits
+#ifdef USE_GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS
+# ifdef __LP64__
+#  define ALIGN 3
+# else
+#  define ALIGN 2
+# endif
+	.section ".note.gnu.property", "a"
+	.p2align ALIGN
+	.long 1f - 0f		/* name length */
+	.long 5f - 2f		/* data length */
+	.long 5			/* note type */
+0:	.asciz "GNU"		/* vendor name */
+1:
+	.p2align ALIGN
+2:	.long 0xb0008000	/* pr_type.  */
+	.long 4f - 3f		/* pr_datasz.  */
+3:
+	.long 0x1
+4:
+	.p2align ALIGN
+5:
+#endif
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-2b.S b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-2b.S
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..da8956139fe
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-data-2b.S
@@ -0,0 +1,119 @@ 
+	.section	.rodata.str1.8,"aMS",@progbits,1
+	.align 8
+.LC0:
+	.string	"'protected_data_1a' in main and shared library doesn't have same address"
+	.align 8
+.LC1:
+	.string	"'protected_data_1a' in main and shared library doesn't have same value"
+	.align 8
+.LC2:
+	.string	"'protected_data_1b' in main and shared library has same address"
+	.section	.rodata.str1.1,"aMS",@progbits,1
+.LC3:
+	.string	"PASS"
+	.section	.text.startup,"ax",@progbits
+	.p2align 4,,15
+	.globl	main
+	.type	main, @function
+main:
+.LFB11:
+	.cfi_startproc
+	pushq	%rbp
+	.cfi_def_cfa_offset 16
+	.cfi_offset 6, -16
+	xorl	%eax, %eax
+	pushq	%rbx
+	.cfi_def_cfa_offset 24
+	.cfi_offset 3, -24
+	xorl	%ebx, %ebx
+	subq	$8, %rsp
+	.cfi_def_cfa_offset 32
+	call	protected_data_1a_p
+	movq	protected_data_1a@GOTPCREL(%rip), %rbp
+	cmpq	%rbp, %rax
+	je	.L2
+	leaq	.LC0(%rip), %rdi
+	movb	$1, %bl
+	call	puts
+.L2:
+	movl	$-1, %edi
+	movl	$-1, 0(%rbp)
+	call	check_protected_data_1a
+	testl	%eax, %eax
+	jne	.L17
+.L3:
+	movl	$-3, %edi
+	call	set_protected_data_1a
+	cmpl	$-3, 0(%rbp)
+	je	.L4
+	leaq	.LC1(%rip), %rdi
+	movl	$1, %ebx
+	call	puts
+.L4:
+	xorl	%eax, %eax
+	call	protected_data_1b_p
+	leaq	protected_data_1b(%rip), %rdx
+	cmpq	%rdx, %rax
+	je	.L18
+.L5:
+	movl	$2, %edi
+	movl	$-10, protected_data_1b(%rip)
+	call	check_protected_data_1b
+	testl	%eax, %eax
+	jne	.L19
+	movl	$-30, %edi
+	call	set_protected_data_1b
+	cmpl	$-10, protected_data_1b(%rip)
+	je	.L9
+.L7:
+	leaq	.LC2(%rip), %rdi
+	movl	$1, %ebx
+	call	puts
+.L8:
+	addq	$8, %rsp
+	.cfi_remember_state
+	.cfi_def_cfa_offset 24
+	movl	%ebx, %eax
+	popq	%rbx
+	.cfi_def_cfa_offset 16
+	popq	%rbp
+	.cfi_def_cfa_offset 8
+	ret
+.L9:
+	.cfi_restore_state
+	testl	%ebx, %ebx
+	jne	.L11
+	leaq	.LC3(%rip), %rdi
+	call	puts
+	jmp	.L8
+.L19:
+	leaq	.LC2(%rip), %rdi
+	call	puts
+	movl	$-30, %edi
+	call	set_protected_data_1b
+	cmpl	$-10, protected_data_1b(%rip)
+	jne	.L7
+.L11:
+	movl	$1, %ebx
+	jmp	.L8
+.L17:
+	leaq	.LC1(%rip), %rdi
+	movl	$1, %ebx
+	call	puts
+	jmp	.L3
+.L18:
+	leaq	.LC2(%rip), %rdi
+	movl	$1, %ebx
+	call	puts
+	jmp	.L5
+	.cfi_endproc
+.LFE11:
+	.size	main, .-main
+	.globl	protected_data_1b
+	.data
+	.align 4
+	.type	protected_data_1b, @object
+	.size	protected_data_1b, 4
+protected_data_1b:
+	.long	3
+	.section	.note.GNU-stack,"",@progbits
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2a.S b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2a.S
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..35c9cd121bd
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2a.S
@@ -0,0 +1,68 @@ 
+	.text
+	.p2align 4
+	.protected	protected_func_1a
+	.globl	protected_func_1a
+	.type	protected_func_1a, @function
+protected_func_1a:
+.LFB0:
+	.cfi_startproc
+	movl	$1, %eax
+	ret
+	.cfi_endproc
+.LFE0:
+	.size	protected_func_1a, .-protected_func_1a
+	.p2align 4
+	.protected	protected_func_1b
+	.globl	protected_func_1b
+	.type	protected_func_1b, @function
+protected_func_1b:
+.LFB1:
+	.cfi_startproc
+	movl	$2, %eax
+	ret
+	.cfi_endproc
+.LFE1:
+	.size	protected_func_1b, .-protected_func_1b
+	.p2align 4
+	.globl	protected_func_1a_p
+	.type	protected_func_1a_p, @function
+protected_func_1a_p:
+.LFB2:
+	.cfi_startproc
+	leaq	protected_func_1a(%rip), %rax
+	ret
+	.cfi_endproc
+.LFE2:
+	.size	protected_func_1a_p, .-protected_func_1a_p
+	.p2align 4
+	.globl	protected_func_1b_p
+	.type	protected_func_1b_p, @function
+protected_func_1b_p:
+.LFB3:
+	.cfi_startproc
+	leaq	protected_func_1b(%rip), %rax
+	ret
+	.cfi_endproc
+.LFE3:
+	.size	protected_func_1b_p, .-protected_func_1b_p
+	.section	.note.GNU-stack,"",@progbits
+#ifdef __LP64__
+# define ALIGN 3
+#else
+# define ALIGN 2
+#endif
+	.section ".note.gnu.property", "a"
+	.p2align ALIGN
+	.long 1f - 0f		/* name length */
+	.long 5f - 2f		/* data length */
+	.long 5			/* note type */
+0:	.asciz "GNU"		/* vendor name */
+1:
+	.p2align ALIGN
+2:	.long 0xb0008000	/* pr_type.  */
+	.long 4f - 3f		/* pr_datasz.  */
+3:
+	.long 0x1
+4:
+	.p2align ALIGN
+5:
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2b.S b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2b.S
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..8fa4cbf09d6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2b.S
@@ -0,0 +1,83 @@ 
+	.text
+	.p2align 4
+	.globl	protected_func_1b
+	.type	protected_func_1b, @function
+protected_func_1b:
+.LFB11:
+	.cfi_startproc
+	movl	$3, %eax
+	ret
+	.cfi_endproc
+.LFE11:
+	.size	protected_func_1b, .-protected_func_1b
+	.section	.rodata.str1.8,"aMS",@progbits,1
+	.align 8
+.LC0:
+	.string	"'protected_func_1a' in main and shared library doesn't have same address"
+	.align 8
+.LC1:
+	.string	"'protected_func_1a' doesn't return the correct value"
+	.align 8
+.LC2:
+	.string	"'protected_func_1b' in main and shared library has same address"
+	.section	.rodata.str1.1,"aMS",@progbits,1
+.LC3:
+	.string	"PASS"
+	.section	.text.startup,"ax",@progbits
+	.p2align 4
+	.globl	main
+	.type	main, @function
+main:
+.LFB12:
+	.cfi_startproc
+	pushq	%r12
+	.cfi_def_cfa_offset 16
+	.cfi_offset 12, -16
+	xorl	%r12d, %r12d
+	call	protected_func_1a_p
+	cmpq	protected_func_1a@GOTPCREL(%rip), %rax
+	je	.L4
+	leaq	.LC0(%rip), %rdi
+	movl	$1, %r12d
+	call	puts
+.L4:
+	call	protected_func_1a
+	cmpl	$1, %eax
+	jne	.L13
+	call	protected_func_1b_p
+	leaq	protected_func_1b(%rip), %rdx
+	cmpq	%rax, %rdx
+	je	.L6
+	testl	%r12d, %r12d
+	jne	.L12
+	leaq	.LC3(%rip), %rdi
+	call	puts
+	movl	%r12d, %eax
+	popq	%r12
+	.cfi_remember_state
+	.cfi_def_cfa_offset 8
+	ret
+.L13:
+	.cfi_restore_state
+	leaq	.LC1(%rip), %rdi
+	call	puts
+	call	protected_func_1b_p
+	leaq	protected_func_1b(%rip), %rdx
+	cmpq	%rax, %rdx
+	je	.L6
+.L12:
+	movl	$1, %r12d
+	movl	%r12d, %eax
+	popq	%r12
+	.cfi_remember_state
+	.cfi_def_cfa_offset 8
+	ret
+.L6:
+	.cfi_restore_state
+	leaq	.LC2(%rip), %rdi
+	call	puts
+	jmp	.L12
+	.cfi_endproc
+.LFE12:
+	.size	main, .-main
+	.section	.note.GNU-stack,"",@progbits
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2c.c b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2c.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..c5ec1eca17e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/protected-func-2c.c
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@ 
+#include "protected-func-1.h"
+
+protected_func_type protected_func_1a_ptr = protected_func_1a;
+
+__attribute__ ((visibility("protected")))
+int
+protected_func_1a (void)
+{
+  return 1;
+}
+
+__attribute__ ((visibility("protected")))
+int
+protected_func_1b (void)
+{
+  return 2;
+}
+
+protected_func_type
+protected_func_1a_p (void)
+{
+  return protected_func_1a;
+}
+
+protected_func_type
+protected_func_1b_p (void)
+{
+  return protected_func_1b;
+}
diff --git a/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/x86-64.exp b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/x86-64.exp
index 3bf62504cf9..a80f22c2453 100644
--- a/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/x86-64.exp
+++ b/ld/testsuite/ld-x86-64/x86-64.exp
@@ -1334,6 +1334,63 @@  if { [isnative] && [check_compiler_available] } {
 	    {} \
 	    "libprotected-func-1.so" \
 	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Build libprotected-func-2a.so" \
+	    "-shared" \
+	    "-fPIC -Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-func-2a.S } \
+	    {{readelf -n indirect-extern-access.rd}}  \
+	    "libprotected-func-2a.so" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Build libprotected-func-2b.so" \
+	    "-shared -z indirect-extern-access" \
+	    "-fPIC -Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-func-2c.c } \
+	    {{readelf -n indirect-extern-access.rd}}  \
+	    "libprotected-func-2b.so" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Build libprotected-data-1a.so" \
+	    "-shared -z noindirect-extern-access" \
+	    "-fPIC -Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-data-1a.c } \
+	    {} \
+	    "libprotected-data-1a.so" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Build libprotected-data-1b.so" \
+	    "-shared -z indirect-extern-access" \
+	    "-fPIC -Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-data-1a.c } \
+	    {} \
+	    "libprotected-data-1b.so" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Build protected-data-1 without PIE" \
+	    "$NOPIE_LDFLAGS -Wl,--no-as-needed tmpdir/libprotected-data-1b.so" \
+	    "$NOPIE_CFLAGS -Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-data-1b.c } \
+	    {} \
+	    "protected-data-1" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Build libprotected-data-2a.so" \
+	    "-shared" \
+	    "-fPIC -Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes \
+	     -DUSE_GNU_PROPERTY_1_NEEDED_INDIRECT_EXTERN_ACCESS" \
+	    { protected-data-2a.S } \
+	    {{readelf -n indirect-extern-access.rd}}  \
+	    "libprotected-data-2a.so" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Build libprotected-data-2b.so" \
+	    "-shared -z indirect-extern-access" \
+	    "-fPIC -Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-data-2a.S } \
+	    {{readelf -n indirect-extern-access.rd}}  \
+	    "libprotected-data-2b.so" \
+	] \
     ]
 
     if  {[istarget "x86_64-*-linux*-gnux32"]} {
@@ -1761,6 +1818,96 @@  if { [isnative] && [check_compiler_available] } {
 	    "pass.out" \
 	    "-fPIE" \
 	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Run protected-func-2a without PIE" \
+	    "$NOPIE_LDFLAGS -Wl,--no-as-needed tmpdir/libprotected-func-2a.so" \
+	    "-Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-func-2b.S } \
+	    "protected-func-2a" \
+	    "pass.out" \
+	    "$NOPIE_CFLAGS" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Run protected-func-2b with PIE" \
+	    "-Wl,--no-as-needed -pie tmpdir/libprotected-func-2a.so" \
+	    "-Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-func-2b.S } \
+	    "protected-func-2b" \
+	    "pass.out" \
+	    "-fPIE" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Run protected-func-2c without PIE" \
+	    "$NOPIE_LDFLAGS -Wl,--no-as-needed tmpdir/libprotected-func-2b.so" \
+	    "-Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-func-2b.S } \
+	    "protected-func-2c" \
+	    "pass.out" \
+	    "$NOPIE_CFLAGS" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Run protected-func-2d with PIE" \
+	    "-Wl,--no-as-needed -pie tmpdir/libprotected-func-2b.so" \
+	    "-Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-func-2b.S } \
+	    "protected-func-2d" \
+	    "pass.out" \
+	    "-fPIE" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Run protected-data-1a without PIE" \
+	    "$NOPIE_LDFLAGS -Wl,--no-as-needed tmpdir/libprotected-data-1a.so" \
+	    "-Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-data-1b.c } \
+	    "protected-data-1a" \
+	    "pass.out" \
+	    "$NOPIE_CFLAGS" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Run protected-data-1b with PIE" \
+	    "-Wl,--no-as-needed -pie tmpdir/libprotected-data-1a.so" \
+	    "-Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-data-1b.c } \
+	    "protected-data-1b" \
+	    "pass.out" \
+	    "-fPIE" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Run protected-data-2a without PIE" \
+	    "$NOPIE_LDFLAGS -Wl,--no-as-needed tmpdir/libprotected-data-2a.so" \
+	    "-Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-data-2b.S } \
+	    "protected-data-2a" \
+	    "pass.out" \
+	    "$NOPIE_CFLAGS" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Run protected-data-2b with PIE" \
+	    "-Wl,--no-as-needed -pie tmpdir/libprotected-data-2a.so" \
+	    "-Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-data-2b.S } \
+	    "protected-data-2b" \
+	    "pass.out" \
+	    "-fPIE" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Run protected-data-2c without PIE" \
+	    "$NOPIE_LDFLAGS -Wl,--no-as-needed tmpdir/libprotected-data-2b.so" \
+	    "-Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-data-2b.S } \
+	    "protected-data-2c" \
+	    "pass.out" \
+	    "$NOPIE_CFLAGS" \
+	] \
+	[list \
+	    "Run protected-data-2d with PIE" \
+	    "-Wl,--no-as-needed -pie tmpdir/libprotected-data-2b.so" \
+	    "-Wa,-mx86-used-note=yes" \
+	    { protected-data-2b.S } \
+	    "protected-data-2d" \
+	    "pass.out" \
+	    "-fPIE" \
+	] \
     ]
 
     # Run-time tests which require working ifunc attribute support.