[v6,15/25] AArch64: Implement the memory tagging gdbarch hooks

Message ID 20210322132120.1202230-16-luis.machado@linaro.org
State New
Headers show
Series
  • Memory Tagging Support + AArch64 Linux implementation
Related show

Commit Message

Simon Marchi via Gdb-patches March 22, 2021, 1:21 p.m.
Updates on v6:

- Update to use enum class memtag_type.
- Fix formatting issues.
- Changed gdbarch_memtag_to_string parameters.
- Use a length of 1 to fetch the current granule's tag.

Updates on v4:

- Update function names to be more scoped.
- Use of gdb::optional values.
- Fixed up gdbarch hooks.

Updates on v2:

- Update target methods to contain a tag type parameter.

--

This patch implements the memory tagging gdbarch hooks for AArch64, for
the MTE feature.

gdb/ChangeLog:

YYYY-MM-DD  Luis Machado  <luis.machado@linaro.org>

	* aarch64-linux-tdep.c: Include target.h, arch-utils.h, value.h.
	(aarch64_mte_get_atag, aarch64_linux_tagged_address_p)
	(aarch64_linux_memtag_mismatch_p, aarch64_linux_set_memtags)
	(aarch64_linux_get_memtag, aarch64_linux_memtag_to_string): New
	functions.
	(aarch64_linux_init_abi): Initialize MTE-related gdbarch hooks.
	* arch/aarch64-mte-linux.c (aarch64_mte_make_ltag_bits)
	(aarch64_mte_make_ltag, aarch64_linux_set_ltag)
	(aarch64_linux_get_ltag): New functions.
	* arch/aarch64-mte-linux.h (AARCH64_MTE_LOGICAL_TAG_START_BIT)
	(AARCH64_MTE_LOGICAL_MAX_VALUE): Define.
	(aarch64_mte_make_ltag_bits, aarch64_mte_make_ltag)
	(aarch64_mte_set_ltag, aarch64_mte_get_ltag): New prototypes.
---
 gdb/aarch64-linux-tdep.c     | 207 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 gdb/arch/aarch64-mte-linux.c |  38 +++++++
 gdb/arch/aarch64-mte-linux.h |  18 +++
 3 files changed, 263 insertions(+)

-- 
2.25.1

Comments

Simon Marchi via Gdb-patches March 23, 2021, 9:32 p.m. | #1
> +/* Implement the set_memtags gdbarch method.  */

> +

> +static bool

> +aarch64_linux_set_memtags (struct gdbarch *gdbarch, struct value *address,

> +			   size_t length, const gdb::byte_vector &tags,

> +			   memtag_type tag_type)

> +{

> +  if (tags.empty ())

> +    return true;


Didn't you want to turn this into an assert?

Simon

Patch

diff --git a/gdb/aarch64-linux-tdep.c b/gdb/aarch64-linux-tdep.c
index 1c45770a287..29440a8510c 100644
--- a/gdb/aarch64-linux-tdep.c
+++ b/gdb/aarch64-linux-tdep.c
@@ -30,6 +30,7 @@ 
 #include "symtab.h"
 #include "tramp-frame.h"
 #include "trad-frame.h"
+#include "target.h"
 #include "target/target.h"
 #include "expop.h"
 
@@ -47,6 +48,9 @@ 
 
 #include "arch/aarch64-mte-linux.h"
 
+#include "arch-utils.h"
+#include "value.h"
+
 /* Signal frame handling.
 
       +------------+  ^
@@ -1503,6 +1507,184 @@  aarch64_linux_gcc_target_options (struct gdbarch *gdbarch)
   return {};
 }
 
+/* Helper to get the allocation tag from a 64-bit ADDRESS.
+
+   Return the allocation tag if successful and nullopt otherwise.  */
+
+static gdb::optional<CORE_ADDR>
+aarch64_mte_get_atag (CORE_ADDR address)
+{
+  gdb::byte_vector tags;
+
+  /* Attempt to fetch the allocation tag.  */
+  if (!target_fetch_memtags (address, 1, tags,
+			     static_cast<int> (memtag_type::allocation)))
+    return {};
+
+  /* Only one tag should've been returned.  Make sure we got exactly that.  */
+  if (tags.size () != 1)
+    error (_("Target returned an unexpected number of tags."));
+
+  /* Although our tags are 4 bits in size, they are stored in a
+     byte.  */
+  return tags[0];
+}
+
+/* Implement the tagged_address_p gdbarch method.  */
+
+static bool
+aarch64_linux_tagged_address_p (struct gdbarch *gdbarch, struct value *address)
+{
+  gdb_assert (address != nullptr);
+
+  CORE_ADDR addr = value_as_address (address);
+
+  /* Remove the top byte for the memory range check.  */
+  addr = address_significant (gdbarch, addr);
+
+  /* Check if the page that contains ADDRESS is mapped with PROT_MTE.  */
+  if (!linux_address_in_memtag_page (addr))
+    return false;
+
+  /* We have a valid tag in the top byte of the 64-bit address.  */
+  return true;
+}
+
+/* Implement the memtag_matches_p gdbarch method.  */
+
+static bool
+aarch64_linux_memtag_matches_p (struct gdbarch *gdbarch,
+				struct value *address)
+{
+  gdb_assert (address != nullptr);
+
+  /* Make sure we are dealing with a tagged address to begin with.  */
+  if (!aarch64_linux_tagged_address_p (gdbarch, address))
+    return true;
+
+  CORE_ADDR addr = value_as_address (address);
+
+  /* Fetch the allocation tag for ADDRESS.  */
+  gdb::optional<CORE_ADDR> atag = aarch64_mte_get_atag (addr);
+
+  if (!atag.has_value ())
+    return true;
+
+  /* Fetch the logical tag for ADDRESS.  */
+  gdb_byte ltag = aarch64_mte_get_ltag (addr);
+
+  /* Are the tags the same?  */
+  return ltag == *atag;
+}
+
+/* Implement the set_memtags gdbarch method.  */
+
+static bool
+aarch64_linux_set_memtags (struct gdbarch *gdbarch, struct value *address,
+			   size_t length, const gdb::byte_vector &tags,
+			   memtag_type tag_type)
+{
+  if (tags.empty ())
+    return true;
+
+  gdb_assert (address != nullptr);
+
+  CORE_ADDR addr = value_as_address (address);
+
+  /* Set the logical tag or the allocation tag.  */
+  if (tag_type == memtag_type::logical)
+    {
+      /* When setting logical tags, we don't care about the length, since
+	 we are only setting a single logical tag.  */
+      addr = aarch64_mte_set_ltag (addr, tags[0]);
+
+      /* Update the value's content with the tag.  */
+      enum bfd_endian byte_order = gdbarch_byte_order (gdbarch);
+      gdb_byte *srcbuf = value_contents_raw (address);
+      store_unsigned_integer (srcbuf, sizeof (addr), byte_order, addr);
+    }
+  else
+    {
+      /* Make sure we are dealing with a tagged address to begin with.  */
+      if (!aarch64_linux_tagged_address_p (gdbarch, address))
+	return false;
+
+      /* With G being the number of tag granules and N the number of tags
+	 passed in, we can have the following cases:
+
+	 1 - G == N: Store all the N tags to memory.
+
+	 2 - G < N : Warn about having more tags than granules, but write G
+		     tags.
+
+	 3 - G > N : This is a "fill tags" operation.  We should use the tags
+		     as a pattern to fill the granules repeatedly until we have
+		     written G tags to memory.
+      */
+
+      size_t g = aarch64_mte_get_tag_granules (addr, length,
+					       AARCH64_MTE_GRANULE_SIZE);
+      size_t n = tags.size ();
+
+      if (g < n)
+	warning (_("Got more tags than memory granules.  Tags will be "
+		   "truncated."));
+      else if (g > n)
+	warning (_("Using tag pattern to fill memory range."));
+
+      if (!target_store_memtags (addr, length, tags,
+				 static_cast<int> (memtag_type::allocation)))
+	return false;
+    }
+  return true;
+}
+
+/* Implement the get_memtag gdbarch method.  */
+
+static struct value *
+aarch64_linux_get_memtag (struct gdbarch *gdbarch, struct value *address,
+			  memtag_type tag_type)
+{
+  gdb_assert (address != nullptr);
+
+  CORE_ADDR addr = value_as_address (address);
+  CORE_ADDR tag = 0;
+
+  /* Get the logical tag or the allocation tag.  */
+  if (tag_type == memtag_type::logical)
+    tag = aarch64_mte_get_ltag (addr);
+  else
+    {
+      /* Make sure we are dealing with a tagged address to begin with.  */
+      if (!aarch64_linux_tagged_address_p (gdbarch, address))
+	return nullptr;
+
+      gdb::optional<CORE_ADDR> atag = aarch64_mte_get_atag (addr);
+
+      if (!atag.has_value ())
+	return nullptr;
+
+      tag = *atag;
+    }
+
+  /* Convert the tag to a value.  */
+  return value_from_ulongest (builtin_type (gdbarch)->builtin_unsigned_int,
+			      tag);
+}
+
+/* Implement the memtag_to_string gdbarch method.  */
+
+static std::string
+aarch64_linux_memtag_to_string (struct gdbarch *gdbarch, struct value *tag_value)
+{
+  if (tag_value == nullptr)
+    return "";
+
+  CORE_ADDR tag = value_as_address (tag_value);
+
+  return string_printf ("0x%s", phex_nz (tag, sizeof (tag)));
+}
+
 static void
 aarch64_linux_init_abi (struct gdbarch_info info, struct gdbarch *gdbarch)
 {
@@ -1560,6 +1742,31 @@  aarch64_linux_init_abi (struct gdbarch_info info, struct gdbarch *gdbarch)
      data associated with the address.  */
   set_gdbarch_significant_addr_bit (gdbarch, 56);
 
+  /* MTE-specific settings and hooks.  */
+  if (tdep->has_mte ())
+    {
+      /* Register a hook for checking if an address is tagged or not.  */
+      set_gdbarch_tagged_address_p (gdbarch, aarch64_linux_tagged_address_p);
+
+      /* Register a hook for checking if there is a memory tag match.  */
+      set_gdbarch_memtag_matches_p (gdbarch,
+				    aarch64_linux_memtag_matches_p);
+
+      /* Register a hook for setting the logical/allocation tags for
+	 a range of addresses.  */
+      set_gdbarch_set_memtags (gdbarch, aarch64_linux_set_memtags);
+
+      /* Register a hook for extracting the logical/allocation tag from an
+	 address.  */
+      set_gdbarch_get_memtag (gdbarch, aarch64_linux_get_memtag);
+
+      /* Set the allocation tag granule size to 16 bytes.  */
+      set_gdbarch_memtag_granule_size (gdbarch, AARCH64_MTE_GRANULE_SIZE);
+
+      /* Register a hook for converting a memory tag to a string.  */
+      set_gdbarch_memtag_to_string (gdbarch, aarch64_linux_memtag_to_string);
+    }
+
   /* Initialize the aarch64_linux_record_tdep.  */
   /* These values are the size of the type that will be used in a system
      call.  They are obtained from Linux Kernel source.  */
diff --git a/gdb/arch/aarch64-mte-linux.c b/gdb/arch/aarch64-mte-linux.c
index 3d72b8db308..959c0247ed5 100644
--- a/gdb/arch/aarch64-mte-linux.c
+++ b/gdb/arch/aarch64-mte-linux.c
@@ -36,3 +36,41 @@  aarch64_mte_get_tag_granules (CORE_ADDR addr, size_t len, size_t granule_size)
   /* We always have at least 1 granule.  */
   return 1 + (e_addr - s_addr) / granule_size;
 }
+
+/* See arch/aarch64-mte-linux.h */
+
+CORE_ADDR
+aarch64_mte_make_ltag_bits (CORE_ADDR value)
+{
+  return value & AARCH64_MTE_LOGICAL_MAX_VALUE;
+}
+
+/* See arch/aarch64-mte-linux.h */
+
+CORE_ADDR
+aarch64_mte_make_ltag (CORE_ADDR value)
+{
+  return (aarch64_mte_make_ltag_bits (value)
+	  << AARCH64_MTE_LOGICAL_TAG_START_BIT);
+}
+
+/* See arch/aarch64-mte-linux.h */
+
+CORE_ADDR
+aarch64_mte_set_ltag (CORE_ADDR address, CORE_ADDR tag)
+{
+  /* Remove the existing tag.  */
+  address &= ~aarch64_mte_make_ltag (AARCH64_MTE_LOGICAL_MAX_VALUE);
+
+  /* Return the new tagged address.  */
+  return address | aarch64_mte_make_ltag (tag);
+}
+
+/* See arch/aarch64-mte-linux.h */
+
+CORE_ADDR
+aarch64_mte_get_ltag (CORE_ADDR address)
+{
+  CORE_ADDR ltag_addr = address >> AARCH64_MTE_LOGICAL_TAG_START_BIT;
+  return aarch64_mte_make_ltag_bits (ltag_addr);
+}
diff --git a/gdb/arch/aarch64-mte-linux.h b/gdb/arch/aarch64-mte-linux.h
index 88bd8d03cfb..f517638831c 100644
--- a/gdb/arch/aarch64-mte-linux.h
+++ b/gdb/arch/aarch64-mte-linux.h
@@ -32,6 +32,8 @@ 
 
 /* We have one tag per 16 bytes of memory.  */
 #define AARCH64_MTE_GRANULE_SIZE 16
+#define AARCH64_MTE_LOGICAL_TAG_START_BIT 56
+#define AARCH64_MTE_LOGICAL_MAX_VALUE 0xf
 
 /* Memory tag types for AArch64.  */
 enum class aarch64_memtag_type
@@ -47,4 +49,20 @@  enum class aarch64_memtag_type
 extern size_t aarch64_mte_get_tag_granules (CORE_ADDR addr, size_t len,
 					    size_t granule_size);
 
+/* Return the 4-bit tag made from VALUE.  */
+extern CORE_ADDR aarch64_mte_make_ltag_bits (CORE_ADDR value);
+
+/* Return the 4-bit tag that can be OR-ed to an address.  */
+extern CORE_ADDR aarch64_mte_make_ltag (CORE_ADDR value);
+
+/* Helper to set the logical TAG for a 64-bit ADDRESS.
+
+   It is always possible to set the logical tag.  */
+extern CORE_ADDR aarch64_mte_set_ltag (CORE_ADDR address, CORE_ADDR tag);
+
+/* Helper to get the logical tag from a 64-bit ADDRESS.
+
+   It is always possible to get the logical tag.  */
+extern CORE_ADDR aarch64_mte_get_ltag (CORE_ADDR address);
+
 #endif /* ARCH_AARCH64_LINUX_H */